|Origins, legend, and history LAKE TOBA|
It is estimated that Lake Toba explosion occurred at about 73000-75000 years ago and an eruption (super volcano) the most recent. Bill Rose and Craig Chesner from Michigan Technological University estimate that the volcanic materials spewed as much as 2800 km ³ of the mountain, with 800 km ³ of rock overlies and 2,000 km ³ expected volcanic ash blown into the west for 2 weeks. Volcanic dust in the wind has spread to half the earth, from China to South Africa. The explosion occurred during 1 week and throw the dust up to 10 km above sea level.
This incident caused mass death and the extinction of some species are also followed. According to some DNA evidence, this eruption also reduced the number of people to about 60% of the total human population of the earth at that time, which is about 60 million people. The eruption also caused the ice age, although experts still debate it.
After the eruption, the caldera formed which is then filled with water and became what is now known as Lake Toba. Pressure up by magma that has not come out cause the appearance of the island.
International multidisciplinary team of researchers, led by Dr. Michael Petraglia, revealed in a press conference in Oxford, the United States has found a new archaeological site that is quite spectacular by geologists in southern and northern India. The site was revealed how people survive, before and after volcanic eruptions (Supervolcano) Toba 74,000 years ago, and evidence of life under the ashes of Mount Toba. Though the source of the eruption within 3,000 miles, from the distribution of ashes.
For seven years, experts from the University oxford project researching the ecosystem in India, to look for evidence of life and equipment life they left behind in the barren desert. Area with an area of thousands of hectares of this was only the savanna (grasslands). While animal bones scattered. The team concluded, quite large area turned out covered with dust from ancient volcanic eruptions.
The spread of volcanic dust was very spacious, found almost all over the world. Derived from an ancient supervolcano eruption, namely Mount Toba. Alleged leads to Mount Toba, because it found evidence of volcanic ash forms of the same molecule at 2100 points. Since caldera crater that is now a lake Toba in Indonesia, 3,000 miles, from the source of the eruption. In fact, surprisingly enough, it turned out spread of dust to be recorded up to the North Pole. This is reminiscent of the experts, how powerful the super volcano Toba eruption that time. Evidence is found, strengthening the suspicion, that the strength of the eruption and the sea waves could wipe out life on Atlantis. (Wikipedia Indonesia)
Folklore Origins of Lake Toba
In Sumatra lived a very hard-working farmer. He lived alone alone. Every day he worked on the lading and fishing tirelessly. This was done to meet the needs of everyday life.
One day the farmer went to the river near his home, he wanted to find fish to lauknya today. With only armed with a hook, bait and fish, he went straight to the river. Once when he got in the river, the farmer immediately threw the hook. While waiting for the hook edible fish, farmers prayed, "O Allah, I hope I can fish a lot today". Some time after the prayer, he throws a hook was apparent wobbling. He immediately pulled the hook. Farmers are very happy, because the fish were acquired very large and beautiful.
After a few moments staring at the fish catch, the farmer was very surprised. It turns out the fish they catch that can speak. "Help me not to be eaten sir !! Let me live ', shouted the fish. Without much Tanya, fish catch was immediately returned to the water again. After restoring the fish into the water, farmers grew surprised, because the fish suddenly turned into a very beautiful woman.
"Do not worry sir, I will not hurt you", said the fish. "Who are you? Are not you a fish ?, asked the farmer. "I was a princess who was cursed, because it violates the rules of the kingdom," the woman replied. "Thank you've freed me from the curse, and in return I'm willing to make you a wife", she said. Farmers and even then agreed. They then become husband and wife. However, there is a promise that has been agreed, that they should not tell that the origin of the Princess of fish. If the promise was breached there will be a terrible disaster.
After a while they married, eventually happiness farmer and his wife increased, because the farmer's wife gave birth to a baby boy. Their son grow into a child who was very handsome and strong, but there are habits that make wonder everyone. The children are always hungry, and never feel full. All food rations without remainder.
Until one day the farmer's son was given the job of mother to deliver food and drinks to the fields where his father was working. But his task is not fulfilled. All the food was supposed to be devoured his father out, and after that he fell asleep in a hut. The farmer waiting for the arrival of his son, while holding thirst and hunger. Unable to bear hunger, then he went straight home. On the way home, pack a farmer saw his son was sleeping in the hut. The farmer immediately woke her. "Hey, wake up !, cried the farmer.
After his son woke up, the farmer immediately asked his food. "Where is the food for the father?", Asked the farmer. "It is finished I ate," she replied. With a high pitch that farmers immediately scold her son. "Children do not know themselves. Basic child fish !, "cursed the farmer unwittingly uttered abstinence from his wife.
After the farmers say these words, instantly lost his wife and children vanished without a trace and trace. Of former stamping his feet, suddenly menyemburlah water is very swift. Water overflowed very high and wide to form a lake. And finally forming a lake. The lake was eventually known as Lake Toba.